Oxygen Tank

Everything There Is to Know About Oxygen Tank

Overview 

The oxygen tank is used for oxygen therapy in which oxygen, ozone, and hydrogen peroxide are administered in the form of a gas or a liquid to improve cellular respiration or oxygen supply to heal damaged tissues of the body. A higher oxygen level in the body also helps kill the bacteria and disease-causing germs within a body. An increase in intracellular oxygen also speeds up the healing process of injured tissues.  Oxygen therapy increases the white cell production within the body, which increases the immune system to fight against germs.

Naturally, oxygen is found in our environment. Still, individuals suffering from respiratory disorders and unable to get enough oxygen as expected can get through oxygen therapy to improve oxygen levels to gain energy and improve quality of life. 

However, there is a different type of oxygen therapy in which high-pressure oxygen is used to treat wounds and infection, and it is called hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

 History of Oxygen Tank

Oxygen is a crucial element when considering the health of humans and most other animals for that matter. In the nineteenth century, many forms of oxygen therapy were used to treat patients. Firstly, oxygen was used by Dr. J. A. Fontaine to treat a patient in 1879. Afterward, hyperbaric oxygen treatment was used to treat a cancer patient in 1950. It means high-pressure oxygen was given to the cancer patient as compared to the atmospheric pressure of oxygen. 

In 1767, oxygen was first discovered by an English chemist, Joseph Priestly, and he named it carbonized air. Thereafter, in 1779, Lavoisier conducted many experiments on it and called it oxygen. Later, Carl-Wilhelm-Scheele, a Swedish chemist and pharmacist, called it fire air. The potential value of oxygen was earlier recognized after its discovery. Thomas Beddoes is known as the father of oxygen therapy. He used oxygen and nitrogen oxide to treat patients with pneumonia, asthma, and congestive heart failure. 

The first oxygen cylinder was made in 1868, which firstly was used for general anesthesia. Many other scientists work to understand the modernized use of oxygen as clinical medicine. Alvan Barach and Haldane did develop a more modernized oxygen tank with a valve that diluted oxygen at room temperature and adjusted the concentration according to need.

Indications to use Oxygen Tanks

Your body cannot survive without a proper supply of oxygen. Still, if you are suffering from respiratory or lung diseases, you may not be able to get adequate oxygen for your body. So, a lack of oxygen in your body can cause damage to your heart, brain, and other body parts.

The following is a list of indications in which oxygen therapy is needed according to a physician’s recommendation:

1- Asthma

Asthma is an airway disease with symptoms including coughing, shortness of breath, and chest muscle tightness. Asthma is also known as bronchial asthma or reactive airway disease.

2- Chronic bronchitis

Inflammation of bronchitis occurs when individuals experience this condition. The bronchial tubes are tissues that connect the mouth to the lungs for respiration. Cough with sputum, shortness of breath, wheezing sound, sore throat, and running nose are some symptoms of this disease.

3- Congestive heart failure

This is a failure of the heart due to heart attack, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, and other issues due to high blood pressure or high cholesterol within the body.

4- Emphysema

Emphysema is a form of chronic bronchitis and the leading cause of death. Smoking is the main cause of this disease.

5- Sleep-apnea

This is a sleep disorder in which a change in a patient’s breathing pattern occurs while sleeping. During sleep, the affected person feels periodic pauses in their breathing. A common symptom of sleep apnea is snoring, and loud snoring keeps people restless even after proper sleep.

6- Pneumonia

Pneumonia is the inflation of the alveoli cells and the accumulation of pus inside the lungs. It might be a single lung or a double lung infection. The pus and fluid accumulation inside the lungs makes breathing difficult because of oxygen deficiency due to shortage of breath.

7-Pulmonary fibrosis

In this chronic lung disease, air-filling cells' alveoli become scarred or damaged and stiff. So, lungs cannot inhale and exhale properly.

8-Cystic-fibrosis

It is a genetic lung disease where people become unable to breathe properly and develop an oxygen deficiency.

9-Lung cancer

Lung cancer is generally identified by the presence of tumors inside the lungs. It is also called carcinoma of the lungs when there is an uncontrolled growth of the lung cells.

10-COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a long term breathing problem caused by poor airflow. Shortness of breath, cough, sneezing are some symptoms of this disease. These symptoms become worse over time. It required long term oxygen therapy.

The aforementioned conditions and diseases are the causes of oxygen deficiency within the human body. Some people need oxygen therapy after certain activities, while others need it for the whole day. It depends on the severity of the disease condition. After checking the oxygen level in your body, the doctor can prescribe how much extra oxygen your body may need.

Complications of using this instrument

Every instrument has some complications, and it can cause side effects, which may be mild or severe if therapy is not provided. While taking hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in a chamber, a person may feel discomfort. Ear pain or a popping feeling in the ear can occur. 

Oxygen poisoning may occur as tissues in the body may take too much oxygen. Oxygen dose may vary from person to person. A Person may feel a slight headache and fatigue in the body. Eyesight problems such as myopia may occur. In the middle ear, fluid can be made, and it may rapture. It can also cause lung infection, and in severe cases, lung failure may occur. Fluid can also accumulate in the lungs and can cause inflammation. Sinus damage is also a side effect during HBOT. All these require therapy.   

Alternative Instruments 

Oxygen concentrators are also available as an alternative device for oxygen tanks. They deliver oxygen directly to the patient through a nasal cannula or nasal mask. Oxygen tanks have a fixed amount of pressurized oxygen, while oxygen concentrators collect oxygen from the environment air, then concentrate it and deliver it to the patient. Oxygen concentrators are found in many shapes and sizes according to need at hospitals or homes. They have a compact size to facilitate patient during traveling

General Specifications 

There are several oxygen tank designs available on the market, with different specifications; however, we are going to cite the general specifications, which should give you a good idea about what is available. They vary in size and shape, but the manufacturing process is similar. Medical tanks are constructed with a double layer and insulated between the layers with inorganic insulant to prevent any leakage or heat. The inner vessel is made with a single sheet of aluminum with a valve made of brass and copper pipes to access oxygen supply in the tank.  The portable cylinders are formed with stainless steel and a capacity of 300 liters for every tank. Storage capacity varies according to the length and width of the cylinder

This instrument has the following parts:

  1.   Protective cap
  2.   Valve

The valve has the following components:

  • Flywheel
  • Fitting plug
  • Thread
  • 3-Container body
  • 4-Support shoe

How the Device Works

The tools have storage vessels of oxygen in which oxygen is stored in the form of gas or liquid to facilitate breathing and to take the usual amount of oxygen in case of medical oxygen deficiency. Oxygen is delivered to the patient with the help of a mask, nasal cannula, full-face oxygen mask, and a hyperbaric chamber. In tanks, oxygen is placed at a pressure under 200, so can be a high risk of fire burst. Proper regulations have been set in place to avoid mishaps including keeping the cylinders in a cool temperature environment, storing them in a ventilated room, and far away from objects that can cause a fire. Oxygen always has the capacity of rapid-fire, so the equipment should be placed away from areas where people are smoking or flammable objects are located.

Always employ oxygen therapy after properly testing the amount of oxygen within the body. Do not use it without guidance; it might be harmful in various cases. Do not take drugs and alcohol while taking oxygen therapy; they slow down the breathing pattern. Have a proper discussion with your doctor about the medication and past medical history before taking oxygen therapy.

Market Leaders 

There are many best quality brands available for oxygen tanks in the market which supply globally. Many companies manufacture it into different sizes according to use in hospitals, emergency centers, homes, nursing homes. There are two types of oxygen cylinders found in today’s market. The fixed cylinder is mainly used in hospitals, and a portable cylinder is usually for home and traveling.

These are some list of companies which manufacture and supply oxygen tank with the best quality and price:

  • Luxfer Gas Cylinders
  • Cramer Decker Medical
  • Catalina Cylinders
  • Gasco
  • Bright Medi Weld Appliances
  • RD Gases
  • Life Healthcare
  • Shiva Industries
  • Hiren Industrial
  • New Energy Technology
  • National Safety Solution
  • Wiretough Cylinders

Conclusion 

Oxygen is a lifesaving element and produced naturally in the human body, but sometimes, due to medical conditions, our respiratory system is not able to provide adequate oxygen to the different systems in our body. We discussed possible issues people suffer from including respiratory diseases like pneumonia, lung cancer, COPD, cystic fibrosis, chronic bronchitis, and asthma. 

We showed that having oxygen deficiency in the human body can damage other vital organs of the body like the brain, heart, kidney, etc. So, oxygen therapy is used as a treatment to supply extra oxygen into the body to foster the restorative properties of the human bodies.

In respiratory diseases, usage of the external oxygen supply in a tank helps the patient attain normal oxygen levels for a healthy and quality life. Oxygen-rich blood enhances the immune system of the body and increases the production of white blood cells. It also increases the healing capacity and also helps to restore normalcy to breathing patterns. Oxygen also can kill disease-causing bacteria.

Oxygen therapy is administered in hospital settings for varying periods of time and should be scheduled per the needs of the patient’s body.

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